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Who Invented The Microscope

Zacharias Janssen
Zacharias Janssen

The answer of who invented the microscope is Zacharias Janssen. He was born in 1588 in the Netherlands in Middelburg, and in 1638 he died in the same city. He was from a family who  build lenses. His father was Hans Jansen. Although the origin of the microscope is still uncertain, however, in the year 1595, with the help of his father, he is considered as the inventor of the compound microscope (with two lenses).

First Microscope

who invented the microscope
who invented the microscope

Glass painting was common during the 13th century to use for spectacles and magnifying glasses. In the second half of the 16th century, many Dutch lens manufacturers designed such devices that magnified objects, but in 1609 Galileo Galilei proved the first tool known as the microscope.

Dutch performer Zacharias Janssen and Hans Lipherhe are known as the first men to develop the concept of a compound microscope. They place different types of lenses on the opposite sides of the tube and found that small objects were made larger.

Improvements Of Microscopes

English scientist Robert Hook improved the microscope and detected the structure of snowflakes, fleas, lice and plants. He coined the term “cell” from Latin cell, which means “small room”, because he compared cells seen in cork to small rooms, which lived in 1665.

Scientists were also developing their samples and developing new ways in contrast. In 1882, German doctor Robert Koch presented his find of Mycobacterium tuberculosis, which was responsible for tuberculosis. The coach used his blurred technique to separate the bacteria responsible for cholera.

By the beginning of the 20th century a very good microscope was reaching a limit. A conventional optical (light) microscope can not solve small objects compared to the wavelength of visible light. But in 1931, German scientists Ernst Ruska and Max Knoll crossed this theoretical barrier with an electron microscope.

Evolution Of Microscope

Ernst Rosska was born on Christmas Day in 1906 as one of the five children in Heidelberg, Germany. He studied electronics in the technical college in Munich and studied high voltage and vacuum technology in Berlin’s Technical College. It was there that Ruska and his guide, Dr. Max Noull created a “lens” for the first time in a magnetic field and electric current. By 1933, this pair produced an electron microscope which could then exceed the optical limit of optical microscope.

Ernst won the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1986 for his work. The electron microscope can achieve a higher resolution because the wavelength of an electron is smaller than the wavelength of the visible light and especially when the electron is spread over a vacuum.

Digital Microscopes

digital microscope
digital microscope

It allows for live image transmission on a TV or computer screen and help in the revolution in microphotography. Digital microscope simply integrates a digital microscope camera on a standard microscope’s Trinocular port. An optional, more flexible solution is to find a digital microscope camera on a triangular microscope!

One of the more original innovations in the 21st century is the Dino-Light Digital Microscope. Dino-lite handheld digital microscope, which is not much bigger than a fat pen. They provide less power zoom capability with up to 500x magnification. They have had an impact on industrial inspection applications.

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